Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Gall Stones

What are Gall Stones

What are Gall Stones

Gall stones forms at the gall bladder which is just like a balloon shape with greenish or yellowish fluid inside, which is just lying below the liver. So this gall bladder contains a stagnated bile or concentrated bile and this bile directly comes from the liver to the intestine through a small pipe. Which is called a common bile duct. So this gallbladder is having no function in our body except for concentration of the bile. So whenever we take the food it is going to contract squeeze itself so that the concentrated bile will come and meet in the small intestine for the digestion of the food so actually there is no role but if the gall bladder doesn’t work as the age goes on or as in pregnancy conditions are certain unknown reasons why the gall bladder doesn’t contract and it will stagnate the bile

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Dr. Varun Raj





Experience – 25 years

Dr. K. Lalitha

Dr. Lalitha

General Surgeon




Experience – 17 years



General Surgeon




Experience – 7 years

Types of Gall Stones

So usually there are cholesterol stones by cholesterol which is nothing but the fat kind of thing which is present in the bind and that may precipitate in the formation of the stones. Or it may be black stones because of the rupture of the red blood cells. Or it may be mixed. In India mixed stones are common. And it happens because the gall bladder is not working properly or the foods where junk foods not taking water properly, not doing exercise or not doing, or not taking fiber then. So, these are the major causes of the formation of stones at a younger age. So, gallstones may form in young people, middle people, or elderly people.

Symptoms of Gall Stones

If the stones are there, usually they are asymptomatic, they don’t lead to any symptoms except dyspepsia. There will bloating of the gas after taking the food they don’t have the digestion signals to their mind. so some people they also contain pain at the right side of the abdomen which goes to the shoulder these conditions are very important because the stones are got stuck in the gallbladder.

Complications with Gall Stones

Sometimes if the stones pass down, they lead to jaundice which is called obstructive jaundice. Some of the stones may obstruct and the gallbladder will enlarge with a big size balloon leading to rupture. And it may contain the puss. So these are the complications that may happen and especially in North Indian patients. When the stones are there, there is a chance of cancer of the gallbladder.

Treatment of Gall Stones

So the treatment is nothing but we need to remove the gallbladder, not the stones. First the patients will come with the symptoms or the ultrasound report of gallstones. They will consult the surgeon and the surgeon will examine the patient and also get the patient investigated with ultrasound of abdomen or M mouth CP and liver function test. After doing that then he will advise the surgery because for the gallstones medical treatment may not work if at all medical treatment is required that will be done only for the old patients, bedridden patients who are not eligible for surgery so the surgery is the ideal and ultimate treatment for gallstones which is called a laparoscopic polysistectomy where the gallbladder the total entire gallbladder is removed without any problem to the patient and this laparoscopy has got advantages like the patient will get discharged within 48 hours maximum two days very less pain small scars fewer antibiotics and pain killers the patients can go to the office in about two or three days after the discharge and once the is removed they will never form again and the patient is going to be followed up after surgery with the main surgeon who has done the laparoscopy so it is a safe surgery and ideal surgery in this common as this is one of the commonest problems which is faced by the society

Prevention of Gall Stones

now days so take care take care about your food and water don’t go for the junk foods go for exercise and take a lot of fiber diets foods so prevent gallbladder stones as much as you can