Pulmonology

Pulmonology is the field of medicine that focuses specifically on the respiratory system. The respiratory system includes the organs that help you breathe. The three major parts of this system are the airway, lungs, and respiratory muscles. The airway includes the: nose, mouth, throat, voice box, windpipe, bronchi or passageways in the lungs, bronchioles or even smaller passageways in the lungs, alveoli, or air sacs in the lungs

How a pulmonologist can help you A pulmonologist works with patients facing serious or chronic breathing problems. While primary care doctors can handle mild or short-term conditions, such as those caused by a cold or respiratory infection, you’ll need to see a pulmonologist to diagnose, treat and manage more complex illnesses that primarily affect the lungs.

If you’re struggling with a respiratory disease, accurate diagnosis is the first step. A pulmonologist uses procedures such as spirometry, bloodwork, chest X-rays, CT scans, bronchoscopies and sleep studies to diagnose chronic lung disease.

Pulmonologists treat everything from asthma to tuberculosis. They have expertise in the following types of respiratory disorders:

  • infectious
  • structural
  • inflammatory
  • neoplastic, which means having to do with a tumor
  • autoimmune

Our Experts

gent doctor

Dr. Prabhakar

Consultant Pulmonologist

 

MBBS, MD-PULMONARY MEDICINE

gent doctor

Dr. Nagaraj

Consultant Pulmonologist


MD-PULMONARY MEDICINE

Diseases & Conditions

Asthma

Asthma is a condition that inflames and narrows your airways and makes it hard to breathe. Anyone can develop asthma at any age. People with allergies or people exposed to tobacco smoke are more likely to develop asthma.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COPD, refers to a group of diseases that cause airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. It includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. It's typically caused by long-term exposure to irritating gases or particulate matter, most often from cigarette smoke.

emphysema

Emphysema is a lung condition that causes shortness of breath. In people with emphysema, the air sacs in the lungs (alveoli) are damaged. When you exhale, the damaged alveoli don't work properly and old air becomes trapped, leaving no room for fresh, oxygen-rich air to enter.

Interstitial lung disease

ILD is an umbrella term used for a large group of diseases that cause scarring of the lungs. The scarring causes stiffness in the lungs which makes it difficult to breathe & get oxygen to the bloodstream. The most common symptom of all ILDs is shortness of breath. This is often accompanied by a dry cough, chest discomfort, fatigue & occasionally weight loss.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the lungs. Cancer starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control.

Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs and the right side of the heart. The damage slows blood flow through the lungs, and blood pressure in the lung arteries rises. The heart must work harder to pump blood through the lungs.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects the lungs. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis are spread from person to person through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes.

Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis is a lung condition that causes coughing up of mucus. In the lungs, the bronchi are the passages that allow air to enter the lungs. In bronchiectasis, the inside surfaces of the bronchi get thicker over time from inflammation that leave scars.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of your bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from your lungs. People who have bronchitis often cough up thickened mucus, which can be discolored. Bronchitis may be either acute or chronic.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder. It causes you to repeatedly stop and start breathing while you sleep.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. A variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia.

State-of-the-Art Facilities

Modular OTs

Hospital houses Modular Operation Theaters which have all the facilities to conduct an error free surgery

Diagnostics

With advanced Imaging diagnostics equipment within the hospital, patients need not go anywhere else

Advanced Pulmonology Treatment

The Center for Pulmonology and Critical Care Medicine at St Theresas Hospital Hyderabad offers complete treatments for pulmonary diseases and disorders, Sleep disorders, Pulmonology hypertension, Asthma, Pneumonia, Chronic obstructive lung disease, ACDS, Severe respiratory failure, COPD Septicemia, Acute lung injury, Poly-trauma, flail chest, acute and chronic respiratory failure, and various lung infections.

Advanced Lung Treatment Hospital in Hyderabad Lung transplants and combined heart-lung transplants are performed by a team of specialist doctors including pulmonologist, transplant physicians, transplant surgeon, transplant nurse coordinator, transplant social worker, psychologist and physical therapist.

  • Single maintenance and reliever therapy (SMART) for asthma
  • Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS), a minimally invasive procedure used to diagnose lung cancer, infections, and other diseases causing enlarged lymph nodes in the chest
  • Removal of foreign body through lipid / fiber-optic bronchoscopy
  • Surgery for Lung & Esophageal Cancer & other thoracic tumors including complex resections
  • Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) or minimally invasive thoracic surgery
  • Lung Volume Reduction Surgery for Emphysema (LVRS)
  • General Thoracic Surgery including surgery for benign lung disorder, multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, pleural diseases and various mediastinal & esophageal pathologies
  • Management of non-cardiac emergencies like ARDS, acute neurological emergencies, acute ventilator failure.
  • Management of toxicological emergencies
  • Complex electrolyte imbalances, septic shocks, postoperative medical emergencies, etc.
  • ALICE -6, the latest sleep diagnostic system is managed by experienced sleep physicians and sleep technologists